Description: After Zola published J'Accuse, antisemitic riots erupted in France. In Algiers, antisemitism was a platform with which the Opposition tried to unseat the establishment. The 1898 rioters sought repeal of the 1871 law that naturalized Jews in Algeria. They had strong ties to Socialism. Thus to Hermann-Paul, the riots appear to have a Left wing complexion. In the cartoon, two in the Transvaal cheer the Algerian rioters. The following year, the Second Boer War erupts. While his South African prediction was accurate his understanding of the situation in Algiers was not.
Provenance: Le Cri de Paris
A bas Zola
Description: Emil Zola's libel trial drew a great deal of attention. Left and right split into pro- and anti-Zola camps. Here the scene outside the courthouse is depicted as heated and chaotic.
Provenance: Le Zola Proces, January 1898
Picquart In Jail
Description: Georges Picquart became a Dreyfusard after he identified Esterhazy as the author of the incrimiating document. For his testimony on Dreyfus' behalf, he was "discharged for gross misconduct in the service." He was stripped of his pension and imprisoned for several months. He was later pardoned along with Dreyfus. Picquart died in Amiens in 1914.
Provenance: Le Cri de Paris, February 1898
A Firing Squad
Description: As a firing squad readies to execute a prisoner, a regimental leader tells his superior, "He has not stopped claiming his innocence." The General replies, "And well! You know the rules: He will seek recourse once he has received his punishment."
Provenance: Le Cri de Paris, 1898
Avec celui-la au moins on est tranquille
Description: Major Henry forged the incriminating papers against Alfred Dryfus. After he slit his throat in prison, two Drefusards stand over his gave in mock respect. One says to the other, "This one, at least, won't give us any trouble"
Provenance: Le Enquete Publique
A Young Girl with Dolls and a Ribbon in Her Hair
Description: A pastel and charcoal drawing of a seemingly reluctant model. She clutches dolls yet she appears thoughtful beyond her years.
Provenance: Hermann-Paul family collection
Vous trouvez que c'est long? Mais on n'a pas encore eu le temps de trouver des preuves
Description: Alfred Dreyfus in prison in Rennes. The French President later pardoned him but a full exoneration did not occur until 1906.
Provenance: Le Figaro, 24 August 1899
Caricatures From Rennes
Description: Hermann-Paul covered the second Dreyfus trial for Le Figaro. On September 9th, the paper released a special late edition with breaking news from Rennes. Page six included a summary of HP's trial drawings.
Provenance: Le Figaro, 9 September 1899
Description: Alfred Dreyfus on trial in Rennes. Despite procedural improprieties and a confession of forged documentation, Dreyfus is convicted and sentenced to ten years imprisonment. Hermann-Paul makes his feelings known. Dreyfus is innocent.
Provenance: Le Figaro, September 1899